# Build Number Sense with Number Strings & Math Talks

## Master fluency strategies using visual models and manipulatives

Building math fluency should be a daily, year-long activity. This helps develop efficiency, flexibility, and accuracy in your students’ grasp of basic math facts. The good news is this can be done in less than 10 minutes a day!

##### How to Build Math Fluency

Building math fluency consists of two major components: Number Strings and Math Talks. Each one of these routines can be done each day for 10–15 minutes to enhance the current curriculum and student math fluency. They can be used in whole group and small group as a way to differentiate instruction.

##### Benefits of Building Math Fluency

Math Fluency is a way to help students develop numeracy, which is the ability to use mathematical relationships to reason with numbers and numerical concepts. According to Pam Harris in Building Powerful Numeracy for Middle and High School Students, numeracy has seven components: Flexibility, Efficiency, Accuracy, Creativity, Algorithms, Speed, and Mental Math.

##### Using Math Talks and Number Strings in Instruction

Here are some things to take into consideration when choosing a Number String or Math Talk.

##### What are Number Strings?

A number string is a set of related math problems designed to teach strategies based on number relationships. It is a 10–15 minute routine that can be used during math instruction.

##### What are Math Talks?

A math talk is a 10-minute activity designed to elicit multiple strategies and provide opportunities for students to reason about the relationships in the numbers and make connections in mathematics.

##### Daily Math Fluency in the Classroom

See how one teacher is using Daily Math Fluency in the classroom.

#### Launch Daily Math Fluency With Confidence

Beyond Timed Tests and Memorization: Introducing Daily Math Fluency

#### Getting Started Guide

Use this guide to confidently plan your implementation of Math Talks and Number Strings.

#### Daily Math Fluency

Daily Math Fluency is your year-long, ready-made solution for developing efficiency, flexibility, and accuracy in your students’ grasp of basic math facts in less than 10 minutes a day.

• 120 Number Strings teach appropriate strategies through repeated practice.
• 60 Math Talks promote active participation to assess student thinking.
• Hands-on Manipulatives model thinking to help develop efficiency and accuracy.